IELTS Writing Task 2 Conclusion – The 2-Sentence Conclusion

ielts7-2-sentence-conclusion

IELTS Writing Task 2 Conclusion Strategy

Watch the video lesson here!

Hi I am Ben Adams, and this is IELTS7.guru.

When I first meet my IELTS students, they tend to have the following conclusion problems:

  • They basically repeat the same sentences the have already said
  • They don’t answer the question directly
  • They make their conclusions really long
  • They try to end their conclusions with something smart to try to impress the IELTS examiner

Don’t do this!

Today I’m going to tell you how you can easily avoid these mistakes.

I call it the 2-Sentence Conclusion Technique.

(If you have seen my 2-Sentence Introduction Strategy, then you may be asking “2 Sentences? Again?”

My approach to IELTS is Keep it Simple (Stupid) or KISS.

Anyway, this means if you can write an effective conclusion in only 2 Sentences, do it!

You can use this IELTS Conclusion with 80% of IELTS Task 2 Essays

1. What is the purpose of an IELTS Writing Task 2 Conclusion?

Before we start, I want you to ask yourself:

What is the purpose of a conclusion in an IELTS Task 2 Writing Essay?

(I hope) you said a conclusion in IELTS does two basic things:

  1. Summarize your main points
  2. Answer the question(s)!

The 2-Sentence Conclusion covers both of these.

2. What is the difference between a good and a bad conclusion in IELTS Task 2?

First, remember that like an introduction, a conclusion is something you must have to write an academic essay. This is because essays have conclusions. In other words, it is part of an Essay.

Very simply, this means if you don’t have a conclusion, you haven’t completed the task!

So what is the difference between a “good” and a “bad” conclusion in IELTS writing?

Let’s take a look at what www.ielts.org says.

Here are the public band descriptors for the IELTS Task 2 Writing that talk about conclusions.

6 the conclusions may become unclear or repetitive
5 there may be no conclusions drawn

See? You need a conclusion to get a 6 in Task Response.

This means, if you don’t have a conclusion, you will probably only get a 5 for Task Response.

It also shows that even if your conclusion is hard to follow or just repeats the main points you have made, you can still get a 6.

However, at ielts7.guru, we want you to get IELTS 7 in Task 2 Writing!

3. An OK Conclusion and a better Conclusion

Let’s start with an example. Here is a question from my 2-Sentence Introduction Strategy Post.

Question
As an increasingly large number of people are overweight, some people believe that universities should make sport compulsory

What is your opinion on this?

Here is a simple essay plan. Look at the Introduction, the topic sentences, and the three conclusions.

Q. Which conclusion is best?
Q. What makes this conclusion better? (Or, what makes the others worse.)

Introduction Recently, people have been worried about the number of overweight people. The question is, should universities force all students to do sport?
1st Topic Sentence and Paragraph To start with, there a number of reasons for requiring students to be more active.

  1. They would be generally be less obese
  2. They may develop better exercise habits
2st Topic Sentence and Paragraph However, this would cause some problems too.

  1. Students would not be able to choose
  2. Not all students may be medically able to do strenuous exercise
Conclusion 1 In conclusion, making university students do sport has a number of advantages and disadvantages. Therefore, I believe it should be mandatory.
Conclusion 2 In conclusion, although making university students do sport would be beneficial to students, it may also harm some students. Therefore, I believe it should not be mandatory.
Conclusion 3 In conclusion, although making university students do sport would probably make them healthier, it would not be appropriate for everyone. Therefore, I believe it should not be mandatory.

The problem with Conclusion 1 it is very vague. It does not compare the two positions. It does not make it clear to the reader which you probably prefer.

Conclusion 2 is much better. We can tell our position from the first sentence. However, it is still vague. You can’t guess the content of the body paragraphs from the conclusion.

Conclusion 3 is the best option. Not only is our position obvious from the first sentence, we can generally understand the main points or arguments made in the body paragraphs.

You may think that writing a conclusion like Conclusion 3 (or even Conclusion 2!) is hard.

It isn’t.

It is actually quite easy.

4. The 2-Sentence Conclusion Technique

Breakdown:

In conclusion, + although / while [position you don’t agree with], [position you do agree with].

Therefore, [statement about what you think, how much you agree, what solution is best, or who you agree with.]

Example:

In conclusion, although being a vegetarian may be healthy, it is not particularly interesting. Therefore, I believe vegetarianism would not be appropriate diet choice for most people.

Remember:
The key thing with although and while sentences is put the part you agree with at the end!

5. Can I use the 2-Sentence Conclusion with any Task 2 Writing Essay?

You can use the 2-Sentence Conclusion with any essay with 2 contrasting views

You can use the 2-Sentence Conclusion with any essay with 2 contrasting views:

  • advantages vs disadvantages
  • one option vs another option
  • one point of view vs another point of view

In other words, you can use this technique 80% of the time.

Now it is your turn to take action!

Take Action
Go to ielts7.guru. Look at this blog post. And try the exercises. Try to write your examples in the comments!

Task 2 Writing Conclusion Practice

Look at the two practice questions and the mini-essay plans. Write your own conclusions in the comments below. I’ll let you know how you go.

Practice Question 1
In the developing world, rainforests are being cut down to make more farmland. One idea is to turn these areas into protected parks.

Evaluate this idea, provide another, and give your opinion.

1st Topic Sentence & paragraph One option is to have more national parks.

  • This would
  • However, this would need a lot of police and rules to enforce.
2nd Topic Sentence & paragraph Alternatively, rich countries could pay poorer countries to not cut down their forests.

  • This would encourage poorer countries to protect their forests.
  • Unfortunately, this would could be expensive.
Practice Question 2
Some people believe that the death penalty is necessary. Others, however, argue that the death penalty is never acceptable.

Discus these views and give your opinion.

1st Topic Sentence & paragraph To start with, it can be argued that in some circumstances

  • One argument is some crimes are so terrible they deserve death.
  • Another is that it will reduce the crime rate.
2nd Topic Sentence & paragraph However, others believe that this is not a good idea for several reasons.

  • First, innocents are killed.
  • Second, the way people are put to death is inhumane.

Remember to write your conclusions!

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37 Comments on “IELTS Writing Task 2 Conclusion – The 2-Sentence Conclusion”

  1. Hi there Chew,

    This is pretty good. I made a some changes in bold.

    Practice 1: In conclusion, although turning the rainforests into protected parks may cause the government to spend a large amount of human resources,it may encourage the rich countries to pay the poorer contries to not cut down their forests. Therefore, I believe that changing the rainforests into protected parks would be an effective way to protect the rainforests.

  2. Practice2: In conclusion, although death penalty is inhumane,it may be a good idea to reduce the crime rate. Therefore, I believe that the death penalty should be carried out.

  3. To sum up, although wealthier nations can provide some aids for poorer countries keeping preserving their rain forest, I believe it is more affordable if they create some nationals parks and look after them properly as well as providing a right human and technology resource.

    1. Hi there Gilson, this is great! There is just some vocabulary work you can do:

      provide some aids

      –> aid

      some nationals parks

      –> national

      Remember, no “S” with adjectives!

  4. In conclusion, although the death penalty is a great way to decrease crimes rate , it is cruel. therefore, i believe that the death penalty have to do it in serious crimes.

    1. The first sentence is pretty good. Just change “Crimes rate” –> “the crime rate”
      The second sentence is a bit unclear. Change it somewhat like this:
      “… the death penalty have to do it in serious crimes.” –> ” … the death penalty should only be used for serious crimes”

  5. In conclusion, although, destroying rainforest will have a major impact on ecosystem. they can be converted in protected parks. Therefore, afforestation has to be stopped. Rich nations can help developing countries to safeguard their natural resources.

  6. Practice2: In conclusion, although death penalty is believed to be inhumane , it would reduce the crime rate. Therefore, I believe that people who commit terrible crimes should be condemned to death penalty.

  7. In conclusion, Although some people think that it is better to end any one who commit terrible crime , it seems to other people inhumane. In my opinion, this penalty repeat for the kill.

    And thanks a lot.

    1. Hi Sufian, this is fairly clear and summarizes the key points. You could improve it like this:

      In conclusion, although some people think that it is better to put to death anyone who commits terrible crimes, it seems to other people inhumane. Therefore, in my opinion, i’m against this this penalty because it is just killing again.

  8. Really very interesting and easy method to write conclusion. Thanks a lot sir. But most disappointing part in my case is that i just found your videos when i don’t have time to prepare. Just four days left for exams date. Anyway, your tips are worthy. I got great help just in two days and feel more confident. Once again, thanks a lot.

  9. here’s my try:

    practice1
    In conclusion, although more manpower will be needed to maintain the national parks, poorer countries could gain profit from richer countries. I feel that rainforests should me made into protected parks.

    practice 2
    In conlcusion, although the procedure of eliminating crime committers is inhumane, it is still effective in lessening crimes. I firmly believe that death sentences should be done.

    1. Pretty good:

      Here is a small improvement. Remember to add your Opinion Linker (Therefore, ) at the beginning of your final sentence!

      Practice 1
      “In conclusion, although more manpower will be needed to maintain the national parks, poorer countries could gain from richer countries. Therefore, I feel that rainforests should be made into protected parks.”

      Practice 2
      “In conclusion, although the procedure of eliminating criminals is inhumane, it is still effective in reducing crime. Therefore, I firmly believe that death sentences should be done.”

  10. In conclusion, although death penalty is inhumane, people who commit crime must be punished. Therefore, i believe that the effective way to reduce crime rate is through mercy killing.

  11. In conclusion, sometimes there has been huge public demand for death penalty for people committing heinous crimes some believe that it is inhuman. Therefore in my opinion death penalty should be abolished.

  12. In conclusion, although death penalty is a very serious punishment to a crime offender and being viewed as a crime deterrent , I believe that the justice system in a country should be implemented correctly, otherwise people who are innocent get punished and offenders are freed.

    1. Remember to use although to weigh the positive and negative and to end with the position you agree with. With your “although” sentence, I am not sure wha tyour position is. I think you are trying to say that you agree with it but it has to be done correctly. So, you could write:
      “In conclusion, although the death penalty can be a deterrent, innocent people may be killed.”

      This final position is good, but it is better to use as your last sentence. I also added the future tense:
      “Therefore, I believe that the justice system in a country should be implemented correctly, otherwise people who are innocent WILL get punished and offenders WILL BE freed.

  13. Hi, Ben,

    Here is my try.

    Practice 2

    To sum up, although it is inhumane to sentence some serious offenders to death penalty, it is still an effective way to reduce crime rate. Therefore, I am of the opinion that death penalty is necessary in some circumstances.

  14. In conclusion, although turning rainforest into national parks increase employment in the society,i would not be appropriate for poorer countries. Therefore, I believe regardless of any circumstances,strict protection of national parks should be implemented.

  15. In conclusion,although death penalty would diminish unlawful act, it is a merciless punishment . Therefore, I believe that death penalty should be implemented for heinous crime.

  16. 1. In conclusion, although affluent nations could aid in protecting the rain forests of third world countries, doing so would be very costly. Therefore, opting to turn the forest into national parks is advisable but manpower and regulations must be enforced.

    1. In conclusion, although imposing death penalty may be in humane for some people, evidence shows that this reduces crime rate. Therefore, serious law offenders must be punished accordingly by death penalty.

  17. In conclusion, although developed countries could donate money to avoid deforestation in developing nations, some countries are turning it to national parks. Therefore, I believe changing it to national wildlife is a better idea.

    In conclusion, although capital punishment helps to decrease crime rate, it is inhuman behaviour for some naive criminals. Therefore, I believe it should not be in practice.

  18. In conclusion,although hanging to death is important way to reduce crimes. However, it is a cruel method. Therefore, death penalty should be carried out for serious crimes.

  19. In conclusion, although providing aid to poorer countries for preservation of their rainforests by wealthier countries would be costly. Therefore, I believe it is more affordable to create a some national parks and properly trained look after them.

  20. In conclusion, although making annual rainfall land into an agricultural land favour farmers , it would not be the appropriate choice to turn it as cultivated.i firmly believe that, it would not create much benefits to the nations development.

  21. In conclusion, although it is beneficial to the economy to increase the size of farmland by cutting rain forest, it is environmentally friendly if we convert these conducive areas into protected parks. Therefore, I believe rain forest should be turned into protected parks.

  22. In conclusion, although it is beneficial to the economy to increase the size of farmland by cutting rainforest, it is environmentally friendly if we convert these conducive areas into protected parks. Therefore, I believe rainforest should be turned into protected parks.

  23. In conclusion, although death penalty is considered as good form of punishment by other people, it is not an effective way to reform those who violate the law. Therefore, I believe that no one has the right to take some one’s life.

  24. In conclusion, although it seems immoral to take life of a fellow human being, for some unacceptable crimes it is trivial that convicts are executed to set an example. Therefore, I partially agree that death penalty is essential to keep potentials offenders away from committing heinous crimes.

  25. Practice 1: Although putting a controlled theme around rainforests may appear to be a good solution for the issue, it would require a great deal of resource just for the initial groundwork, let alone maintain huge areas of tree for a long time. Therefore, I believe it’s best if poorer countries get paid from the richer to keep the rainforests untouched.

    1. This is well written. Just a couple of things:
      “Although putting a controlled theme around rainforests may appear to be a good solution for the issue…”
      You need a different word. You could try the word “cordon”
      For this bit: don’t forget your “s” for plural countable nouns.
      “it would require a great deal of resource just for the initial groundwork, let alone maintain huge areas of tree for a long time.

  26. Although putting one’s life to end might be a tragic and inhumane act to do, it’s been proven as a huge disincentive to committing crime, let alone a serious one. Therefore I believe the death sentence still be exercised in order to maintain a stable and secure society.

    1. This is great! Just don’t forget your punctuation in your last sentence, and you also need a “modal verb” like “should”.

      So, write something like:
      “Therefore, I believe the death sentence should still be exercised in order to maintain a stable and secure society.”

Write your own example, or comment below!

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