IELTS Task 2 Essay Advantages and Disadvantages: IELTS 12 – Test 6

This is the second question from the Official Cambridge IELTS Book 12.

This sample uses many of the skills we used in the Free 5-day IELTS Task 2 Writing Course, as well as more advanced techniques and language from the 4-Week IELTS Task 2 Writing Course.

At the present time, the population of some countries includes a relatively large number of young adults, compared with older people.

Do the advantages of this situation outweigh the disadvantages?

Nowadays, many governments are increasingly concerned about the growing proportion of young adults. The question, is this situation a problem or a blessing in disguise?

To start with, it cannot be denied that having a large percentage of young working adults has several advantages. Firstly and most importantly, more young adults means a larger workforce. This has a powerful economic effect because it results in more tax revenue and at the same time lowers the relative cost of social services, mainly because younger adults tend to be healthier than older ones. Similarly, it means that society is more able to support an aging population, since pensions  can be easily funded. Thirdly, a strong youthful society is one with a more vibrant culture, whether it is art, music, or entrepreneurship.

On the other hand, it could potentially cause a number of problems too. The biggest concern is that this group of young people will be unemployed, which can happen for two reasons. One, their secondary education may be ineffective, meaning they are less likely to be accepted into further study or a job. Two, most of them may lack useful opportunities. In other words, even if they are educated and they do have useful employable skills, if the economic system does not generate appropriate opportunities for their skills and talents, they will often be bored and depressed. A final related problem is the possibility of social unrest. Bored young people - especially men - are more likely to push for violent social change.

In conclusion, while there are undoubtedly many social and economic advantages of having a larger proportion of young adults, society must provide opportunities for them. If not, it can lead to unrest. Therefore, I believe it should be advantageous, but history has shown that it is not always so.

299 Words

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